Winged humanoid monsters, usually equipped with sharp teeth and claws besides that. Typically made out of stone or other inorganic natural substance or are otherwise stone or earthen colored.
The first video game about Gargoyles was released on June 13, 1986.
Legend of La Gargouille is a story about St. Romanus defeating an evil creature with a body that con not be completely burned after being killed. The body was used to decorate the new church at Rouen to scare away evil spirits. This story speaks on a dragon-like creature, the head and neck of which would not burn. It also describes it as having bat-like wings, a common trait of modern gargoyles.
The Hunchback of Notre-Dame, a novel by Victor Hugo, may have been a major influence on modern gargoyles in entertainment and their preservation in architecture. The lonely character Quasimodo would speak with the grotesques like friends. The Notre-Dame cathedral itself is the star of the book, and the grotesques speak for it in a way. Hugo believed architecture to be a more free form of expression than literature that could be banned and censored and architecture was more accessible at that. Yet he felt that the printing press would be the doom of architectural expression. He features Gothic architecture (as Notre-Dame) in literature as one would transfer 8mm film to their computer but only an imperfect transfer was possible (it was more of a memorial). Ironically, his book sparked interest in Gothic architecture (including gargoyles) and its preservation. And, Notre-Dame itself was restored due to his book.
Images of Notre-Dame gargoyles (which are quite similar to the modern interpretations)