Hastilude

Sport theme

A category of martial games popular during the middle ages. The most famous event being the matches between horse mounted knights wielding lances.

20
games
16
platforms

Name variations: jousting

The first video game about Hastilude was released in 1986.

Cinemaware, Evelend Games and Ghost Crab Games has published most of these games

Hastilude literally means "lance game". Many styles were included in this category.
Jousting - The most famous. 2 Knights on horseback would charge toward each other, and usually, attempt to knock the other off their horse. Lances were the most often used weapon for this purpose. But melee weapons of various types were also used. In some variants, the object of the game was to break or forcibly remove the other knight's lance, shield, or some arbitrary target worn by the knights. In some variants, the knights would engage in melee fighting after one was knocked off his horse. There could also be three rounds of three distinct styles of combat involved.

Pas D'Armes - "passage of arms". A knight or knights would guard a bridge or gate and made it be known they would challenge other knights for the right to pass. Should a knight arrive ill-equipped, weapons might be offered by the defenders (possible including a horse). A passing knight could refuse to fight by humbly removing and leaving his spurs. Unescorted ladies would leave behind a glove or scarf expecting a future winner to return it to her. She might even do this at an unguarded bridge expecting knights to arrive eventually. Pas D'Armes was created out of a concerted effort to build honor and reputation for noble knights in an age where their actual reputation was outdone by fictional accounts (literature) and the brutally efficient warfare of the day had less use for horse mounted knights and no longer included any semblance of chivalry. Specifically, the nobility was offended that, peasant pikemen were deadly to knights and even worse, peasant longbowsmen could kill a knight while not actually ever being seen. Pas D'Armes was not a sport with prises and only passers by would witness the spectacle. They contestants for honor alone.

Mêlée - "melee" or "brawl". Groups of knights would fight each other. Or individual knights would engaged in a free for all. This style originally used real weapons and could be deadly. The fighting was actual real. However, the goal was not to kill but rather to capture. The captor would then negotiate a ransom from the knight's sovereign. Killing an opponent was not so much a moral wrong as an economic wrong. The sport slowly developed rules that offered some reduction in danger. Notably that less than lethal weapons be used and combatants should pair off and fight each other in simultaneous one-on-one duels. The economics of this sport were comparable to modern profession sports and some knights gained fame and vast riches if their professional life was not cut short by injury or death.

Béhourd - "Behourd". A generally friendly and informal type of sparing most often performed with wooden swords, staffs, or batons. Notable there was no striking "below the belt", which is were this term apparently originates. Also, "not the face". Real weapons could be involved but attacking on an opponents body with real weapons was against the rules. It was more fun to slice off their crest. This sport was less expensive than other hastilude, and might be offered as entertainment for small venues or as a pre-game event for a more expensive main event. Béhourd could also be practice between companions or rivals before a main event with no formal allowance for spectators.

Quintain - Jousting with out the horses. Commonly one target was immobile. One or more combatants would attack a dummy that stood in for a mounted knight. The target would usually have a lance and shield but the attacker might use any weapon. Against a dummy, attackers might be mounted.

Tupinaire - a hastilude known to be popular but the details are lost to history.

Aventuras quaerare - "Seeking Adventures". The counterpart to Pas D'Armes. A knight would go seeking

The Round Table - "The Round Table" might actually originate with a specific hastilude. Or, there may have been a game based on Aurthur's table. Or it may have not been a game, rather a social event associated with hastilude. Historians are unsure. I suspect it was a drinking game.

Platforms

Linux 3
MS-DOS 2
Mac OS Classic 2
ZX Spectrum 1
Amiga 1
C64 1
Atari ST 1
C16/Plus4 1
Amstrad CPC 1
Apple IIGS 1
GBA 1
CD-I 1
OS/2 1
Windows 1
Mac OS X 1
NES 1

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