A variety of puzzles where the goal is to transport something somewhere else, such as by sliding/pushing game pieces around.
Alternate name: Logistics puzzle
The first video game about Transport puzzle was released on August 1982.
This, however, does not cover puzzles where you use the sliding/pushing game pieces around to achieve some other goal than the transportation itself. For example a match 3 puzzle is not a transport puzzle even if to match 3 you slide a piece along the other pieces to a spot that allows the match 3 to happen.